What is CKD?
Chronic Kidney Disease
Chronic Kidney Disease also known as CKD is a condition where the kidneys get damaged and can no longer filter blood the way that they should. This means toxins start building up in the body. If not detected in time, CKD can be fatal.2
Symptoms of CKD

There are many symptoms of CKD that you need to watch for. Here are some of them

  • weight loss or poor appetite
  • swollen ankles, feet or hands
  • shortness of breath
  • tiredness
  • blood in your pee (urine)
  • peeing more than usual, particularly at night

If you seem to have any of these, please consult your doctor immediately3

What are the risk factors?

Screening for CKD is highly recommended if you have the following risk factors

  • high blood pressure (hypertension)
  • diabetes
  • obesity
  • cardiovascular disease
  • a family history of CKD1
How do I beat CKD?

The best way to beat CKD is regular screening and simple steps to keep your kidneys healthy

  • Keep your blood pressure below 140/90, or ask your doctor what the best blood pressure target is for you.
  • Stay in your target cholesterol range. Eat foods lower in salt. Eat more fruits and vegetables. Stay active.
  • Take your medications as directed.4
How do I screen?

If you feel you’re showing symptoms or you are in the high-risk category, you should consult your doctor immediately. Screening for CKD is a urine test that can be done easily based on your doctor’s advice

What do your kidneys do?
Your kidneys, each just the size of a computer mouse are located deep in the abdomen, beneath the rib cage. They are amazingly efficient and filter all the blood in your body every 30 minutes. As simple as that sounds, they are complicated organs that do many essential tasks to keep us healthy. The main job of your kidneys is to remove toxins and excess water from your blood. Kidneys also help to control your blood pressure, to produce red blood cells and to keep your bones healthy.5
Know your
Why are they important?
Your kidneys control blood stream levels of many minerals and molecules including sodium and potassium, and help to control blood acidity. Every day your kidneys carefully control the salt and water in your body so that your blood pressure remains the same. They also stimulate production of red blood cells, keep your bones healthy, and regulate blood chemicals that are essential to life.6
for CKD
It is recommended that screening in adults with CKD or at risk for CKD be done by testing for albuminuria. Albumin-to-creatinine ratio (ACR) is the first method of preference to detect elevated protein. The recommended method to evaluate albuminuria is to measure urinary ACR in a spot urine sample.7
If you need to get screened for CKD, consult your doctor immediately.
Kidney Day
Join us as we celebrate World Kidney Day on 10th March 2022.
Watch this space for events around the city and at Expo 2020 site
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  1. Chronic Kidney Disease Initiative. Chronic Kidney Disease Basics. Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Accessed from website: https://www.cdc.gov/kidneydisease/basics.html. [last reviewed 19 August 2021] [Accessed on 14 December 2021]
  2. National Institute of Health. Chronic Kidney Disease: What is CKD?. NIH. https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/kidney-disease/chronic-kidney-disease-ckd/what-is-chronic-kidney-disease#:~:text=Chronic%20kidney%20disease%20(CKD)%20means,also%20cause%20other%20health%20problems.
  3. NHS, Overview- Chronic Kidney Disease. National Health Services. Accessed from website: https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/kidney-disease/. [Last reviewed 29 August 2019][Accessed on 14 December 2021]
  4. National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (US). Division of Diabetes Translation. Take care of your Kidneys and they will Take Care of You. Center of Disease Control and Prevention. Accessed from website: https://www.cdc.gov/kidneydisease/pdf/CKD_TakeCare.pdf. [Last reviewed on 24 May 2017.]
  5. Center for Disease Control. Chronic Kidney Disease Basics. CDC. Retrieved from website: https://www.cdc.gov/kidneydisease/basics.html [Last reviewed August, 2021] [Accessed on December, 2021].
  6. National Institute of Health. Your Kidneys and How they work.[Last reviewed June, 2018] [Accessed on December, 2021] Retrieved from website: https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/kidney-disease/kidneys-how-they-work
  7. National Kidney Foundation. ACR. Retrieved from website: https://www.kidney.org/kidneydisease/siemens_hcp_acr#:~:text=Therefore%2C%20it%20is%20recommended%20that,in%20a%20spot%20urine%20sample.


The information contained on this website does not represent medical recommendations. If in doubt, consult a doctor.
The notes contained in this website page exclusively represent the opinion of the authors of the articles in reference and not that of AstraZeneca or the Medical Associations and Societies involved in Chronic Kidney Disease.
This is not a platform to promote any product or Health Care Professional (HCP). This is only for patient and HCP education on Chronic Kidney Disease and its complications.

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